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Dr Arya\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\'s AGNEYODGARA at Renewtec 2011 Bombay More »

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“Incredible Waterman” Dr Ritesh Arya — India Today


India Today

Dr Arya ”The incredible waterman”-  India Today

9 Oct 2007 – But, Ritesh Arya’s fascination with craggy and barren mountains runs deeper, literally. This intrepid hydrogeologist is about to succeed in his 

Guinness World record holder for drilling highest artesian well







At 18,380 ft in the Himalayas, Khardung La, a wind-swept pass with scanty oxygen on the world’s highest motorable road in Ladakh, is the ultimate milestone for record-crazy adventure seekers.

But, Ritesh Arya’s fascination with craggy and barren mountains runs deeper, literally. This intrepid hydrogeologist is about to succeed in his quest for ground water on Khardung La—a feat that could surpass his own world record of digging borewells at high altitudes.

Already, sparkling clear ground water is streaming out of two borewells he had dug recently at South Pullu and North Pullu, army posts and snow shelters on either side of the pass at 15,300 ft and 15,400 ft, respectively.

Until a month ago, the only source of drinking water here were water tankers from distant Leh and Partapur at the base of the Siachen glacier.

“It’s nothing short of a miracle to get ground water at this height,” gushes a Junior Commissioned Officer of the military police post at South Pullu, an area where granite rocks abound which, according to conventional geology, are too impervious to hold any ground water.

But Arya perceived a narrow valley of rock debris at the base of the receding Khardung glacier, now 6 km from the road, as the most definite indicator of ground water charged by the melting glacier. And, two days after a rig drilled a 300-ft deep hole, it struck a ground water reservoir.

Arya plans his drilling operations after studying the exposed rock faces in the landscape. Such exploits come naturally to him, a diminutive 39-year-old who holds a PhD degree in geology.

By combining his hands-on expertise in Himalayan geology with an unconventional approach, this hydrogeologistturned-professional driller has broken new ground on scientific exploitation of ground water in the high-altitude, cold desert of Ladakh.

In the past 12 years, Arya has dug more than a hundred borewells in inhospitable and treacherous terrains where no geologist or government agency has ventured before. From Siachen glacier to the China border, the Indus plains of Leh and the Kargil heights, his explorations have ensured all-weather ground water supplies to the army and civilians alike.

More significantly, Arya’s pioneering research is likely to redefine Himalayan hydrology and change the traditional schemes for drinking water and irrigation in rain-deficit Ladakh, which has so far been harnessing mostly surface water from the river Indus or glacier-fed streams.Apart from perennial shortage, there is also the problem of silt in glacier melt in summer and freezing of surface water sources in winter. In Leh town, for example, only 10 per cent of the population— which rises from 15,000 to 50,000 every summer due to tourist inflow— has access to ground water through public taps, the rest depends on water tankers.

Ground water exploitation in Ladakh, undertaken by the Central Ground Water Board (CGWB), has been confined to areas along the Indus river. Exploration beyond that has always been discouraged on the premise that a rocky mountain desert cannot hold ground water.


But, Arya punched holes in this belief by digging a borewell for the army at 14,000 ft in Chushul on China border in 2006—a feat that earned him an entry in the Guiness Book of World Records. “It’s like rediscovering the simple principles of geology and physics operating in high-altitudes,” says Arya.

“His borewells are not only a costeffective solution to the army’s rising water needs in Ladakh but have also boosted the morale of the troops,” says Sanjay Kaul, assistant commander works engineer at the newly-set up 14 Corps in Leh.

“A systematic development of untapped potential of ground water can lead to green revolution in this cold desert,” says Arya. He has since drilled borewells to augment water supply schemes for, among others, the Airports Authority of India, the Indian Oil Corporation, the Indian Air Force and field research laboratory of the Defence Research and Development Organisation.

Ashok Sahni, Professor Emeritus at the Centre for Advanced Geology of Panjab University, calls Arya “an unconventional hydrogeologist”.

“He took a risk by drilling in the mountains and has struck abundant ground water where it was earlier seen as impossible,” says Sahni.

Arya’s discovery is based on practical experience gleaned from five years of digging hand pumps in Himachal Pradesh where he worked as a daily-wager hydrogeologist with the state government. What, however, added depth to his knowledge was his study of wells in 17th century forts on hill tops in Hamirpur and Solan districts.

“The traditional mountain water supply techniques were based on intuitive science,” says Arya.

To explain the prevalence of ground water in mountains, including the ones that have no rain-fed seepage or snowfall, Arya divided the Himalayas into seven hydrostratigraphic zones in 1996 in a study he presented the same year at the International Conference of Geology in China.

At the heart of his ground-breaking thesis is the finding that ground water resources in the Himalayan region depend on the type of rocks and structural parameters like folds, fissures and fault-lines in the rock strata.

The mountains have ground acquifers just like plains but the water movement in high-altitudes is controlled by the principles of gravity and iso-stacy (wherein the water level is itself up). In his reckoning, even a barren mountain top below the height of Mount Everest will have ground water resources, provided it has favourable lithological conditions like the presence of water-absorbing sedimentary rocks or impervious rocks with water-trapping fault-lines.

“Arya’s high success rate in high-altitude borewells has flowed from his intimate technical knowledge of hydrogeology,” says former CGWB chairman R.K. Chadda.

Arya has a near 100 per cent success rate in his borewells commissioned on a no-water-no-payment basis. Experts view his explorations as significant in the backdrop of receding glaciers and rising demand for water in the Ladakh region.

Also, troop deployment, which has increased manifold since a new Corp was set up in Ladakh after the Kargil war in 1999, adds to the shortage.

“The water level of the river Indus has fallen alarmingly this year, affecting irrigation schemes,” says Chering Dorjay, Chairman of Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council. Clearly, with Arya around, at least water is something that this cold desert will never thirst for.

Global Warming natural, Enjoy IT – Dr Arya

Global Warming is natural, Enjoy IT -Dr Ritesh Arya

Paper Accepted for presentation in in the conference on Global Conference on Global Warming : 2009, Istanbul,Turkey

About Dr Ritesh Arya

Award-winning Indian Geologist Dr. Ritesh Arya, who specializes in hydrogeology and groundwater resources in the Himalayas and holds the Guinness World Record, in a press conference held here today, declared, “Global warming is natural, enjoy it” and asserted that “man is too small to cause any impact on global warming.” Arya, who has authored several research papers and was invited by the Royal Geographical Society in 2005,  Global Conference on global warming (Turkey) in 2008 & World Water Week (Sweden) 2009 to discuss climate change, warns that “global cooling will lead to our extinction.”

The fear and hype surrounding the issue of Global Warming phenomenon is misleading and incorrect.

Indian Geologist Dr. Ritesh Arya, who specializes in hydrogeology and groundwater resources in the Himalayas, in a press conference held here today, declared, “Global warming is natural, enjoy it” and asserted that “man is too small to cause any impact on global warming.”

“Global warming is beyond temperatures, Green House Gases or carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. It is also not a mathematical relationship between these parameters.

Global warming is part of the Natural cyclic process alternating between global cooling and global warming.”  Global warming follows global cooling and vice versa. It acts as a transporting phenomenon responsible for transporting and releasing various materials deposited during global cooling times, he further added.

The Myth and Reality about Global Warming

Dr Arya, says, “A myth has been created that man contributes to the global warming process. But, in reality, Man is a product of global warming and not its creator. Man has no role in the acceleration or deceleration of the global cooling-warming cycles.  In fact, it is the global cooling, which will lead to his extinction rather than global warming.”

Global Warming v/s Pollution: GLOBAL WARMING IS 100% NATURAL its like day and night, birth and death

Pollution can be both man made and natural. We can cure man made pollution by building better technologies. But, man cannot control natural pollution like in the case of a major volcanic eruption. Similarly, global warming cannot be controlled by man. Man  is too small too create impact on a global scale to bring about global warming.

“So-called greenhouse gases are essential for our survival now and increased population in the future, but today these gases are treated as if they are threatening our very existence by enhancing the global warming processes. Global cooling will lead to our extinction.

Imagine living in Antarctica or Greenland for the rest of the life without water, without cyclones, without floods. So it’s high time we learn to enjoy global warming,” Arya said.

New Evidences: A result of 15 years of research in remote Himalayan regions

Dr Ritesh Arya, in his research spread over a period of 15 years in different regions of the Himalayan mountain range coincidently discovered evidences of Indus glacier while drilling a water well for Indian army in Ladakh This led to viewing of all the geomorphic features in different perspective. Since then he has discovered new evidences that conclusively question the premise that global warming is man made or man’s action has speeded up the global warming process.

Some of these evidences, Dr Arya says, include:

  • Extinct glacier: evidences of extinct glacier shows that maximum glaciers in Himalayas have become extinct much before the advent of the Industrial Revolution.

  • Indus River/glacier :  evidences of paleo (ancient) river Indus signatures  are beautifully carved on the rocks; These signatures resemble alphabet C ,therefore C curve .

     4-5 such signatures are found in the site Each signature represents global warming and cooling cycle. These events   had taken place since the last ICE age. These signatures are indicators that cycles of warming and cooling occur at their own pace and have nothing to do with man or his activities.

  • Flooding :  Paleo (ancient) Glacial floods take place when the glaciers melt and the glacial deposits are transported due to the action of  high energy regime  created as a result of Hydrostatic disequilibrium resulting due to global warming. This acts only at the time of global warming maxima which happens only once or twice during the global cooling warming cycles.

  • Lake out burst 800 years ago when the global warming was at its maximum, and there was no large scale man made industrial pollution.

The excessive emission of the CO2 is being blamed as contributing factor to the increase in global warming. Regarding this, Dr Arya, says, “In school we have studied the important role played by CO2 in the food chain. More CO2 can be a boon for producing more plants. More plants are needed for the ever growing population. So where is the problem?”



What is at stake?

Dr Arya warns, “If we don’t take any action the future of our generation is at stake. Yes everybody is talking of taking action but action in which direction.” If we take action against fighting pollution we need better technology. Pollution created by man can be controlled but global warming is 100% natural and cannot be controlled by man, he added.

“So, if we play CARBON CREDIT GAMES as propagated by UNIPCC we can control man made pollution effectively but what about GLOBAL WARMING? Who is going to control Global warming?” he asked.

Yes, we cannot control it. So why the whole fuss about climate change and man  having any role and why the two are mixed and the whole confusion being created. He further questions as to “Why Noble prizes are being awarded for creating this confusion?” We need to find answers to this and the solution to this man made confusion of man having any relationship with warming will be solved.

The Solution

In Dr Arya’s opinion the solution lies in building sustainable habitats in geologically sound locations away from shores, away from rivers, away from banks away from coasts, and living in harmony with global warming.


GLOBAL WARMING IS NATURAL: ENJOY IT – Dr ritesh arya geologist

Paper Accepted for presentation in in the conference on                                           Global Conference on Global Warming : 2009, Istanbul,Turkey

Present paper is based on the data gathered for over a decade from the borewell samples drilled in the paleo-glacio-fluvial deposits of the  Indus basin in Ladakh, Indian Himalayan region. Borewell samples analysed from the wells drilled clearly show that global warming and cooling processes are like day and night though with longer durations. They are essential part of the global climate natural cycle which act in uniform to continuously change the various landforms on this mother earth and make it geomorphologicaly so beautiful.       Holding man and his activities responsible for pollution is acceptable truth but holding him responsible for global warming is an Inconvenient Truth, because man is too small to cause any changes of global scale on sustainable basis. This Paper emphasise the use of proper technology to improve exploration, production and decrease pollution on one hand and recommends use of renewable energy resources so that pure air can be made available to all. It also emphasises the need to re-examine the global warming definition as proposed by IPCC which holds man and his activities responsible for increased global warming in recent years. Experiments carried by the author while drilling wells in the Indus Basin clearly show that major glaciers including the Indus Glacier which extended from Mansarovar in Tibet  to Arabian sea melted much before the advent of Industrialisation and rates of receding of glaciers though unknown in those times were much faster then are being projected and related to the activities of man today. Global warming has to be viewed in a different perspective where it has to be  related to the influx of increased water in the natural system so that sediments deposited during global cooling times can be transported to rivers and oceans. Act which is somewhat similar to the way  scavengers behave here global warming is cleaning the earth of the debris and is responsible for transporting them in the oceans. Glacial retreat, cyclones, tsunamis, flash floods, sea level rise, land submergence  are prominent and natural agencies responsible for the various processes of global warming. They help her to transport the deposited material into the rivers/oceans. In this context man with his modern excavating machinery can also be called one of his agencies because he is also digging and at times transporting the sediment deposits.   Time has come to put things about global warming, straight, before it is too late. Associating global warming to activities of man as proposed by IPCC and holding his actions  responsible for directly or indirectly  contributing to increased green house gases, leading to enhanced temperatures, or faster melting rates of glaciers will only make things worse because the definition and approach tries to establish a mathematical relationship between man and his environment but completely  fails to explain the process in totality. Hence this confused scenario where we have become our own enemies and it seems we are fighting a lost battle. But the reality is totally different and man is too small to cause any impact on global warming. With little precaution while selecting the site for habitation near the coasts or glacio-fluvial valleys impacts of global warming like cyclones, flash flooding, land submergence etc can be minimised. Today technicians (chemists, physics, biologists, and radiologist) have become doctors of mother earth, whereas geologists who are real doctors of mother earth are less listened to by the politicians / business houses for reasons best known to them. So called green house gases are essential for our survival now and increased population in future but today these gases are treated as if they are threatening our very existence by enhancing the global warming processes. Global cooling will lead to our extinction. Imagine living in Antarctica or Greenland for the rest of the life without water, without cyclones, without floods. So it’s high time, we learn to ”Enjoy global warming” otherwise what are we going to do in global cooling times.

24×7 warm water discovered at Siachen Glacier by Dr Arya

24×7 warm water supply at Siachen Glacier

24X7 supply of warm water, and that too at Siachen Glacier? Sounds incredible, but it is true! Dr Ritesh Arya, world renowned geologist who holds the Guinness World Record for drilling a bore well in the high-altitude cold mountain desert of Ladakh, has now discovered the first geothermal source of warm water at Siachen Glacier base camp.

The source is very much active and the warm water has been sucked out after digging a bore well. Billed as one of the most significant discoveries in the field of geothermal exploration and development in Indian sub-continent, the source will help the Central Government save crores of rupees spent every year on ferrying fossil fuels to the icy part of the globe to enable the troops to melt snow to meet their needs. “It will be a boon for the Indian troops stationed at Siachen. They would now be able to get 24-hour supply of warm water which can be used for cooking, bathing, laundry, washing utensils, space-heating and raising plantations by using green house culture, but not for drinking. Scientists can do research to make it potable. It will help save a lot of fossil fuel, minimize pollution and save the glacier from environmental hazards”, Dr Ritesh Arya told Daily Post in an exclusive interview at his residence in Panchkula, on Wednesday.

The famed geologist had been asked by the Army last year to explore and develop geothermal source at Siachen Base Camp for the troops. Credited with the stunning discovery of potable water systems in Ladakh, Dr Arya said, “I discovered the geothermal source in October, 2011 but wanted to test its capacity during the months of winter. I visited the place on April 18 along with men of the Engineering Corps to conduct the test and the results are encouraging: warm water oozing out of the well even when the temperature outside is sub-zero”, he said. The temperature (15 degree C) at the source is not very high. With the help of further geo-scientific investigation and deeper drilling, it may be possible to get water bearing higher temperature. It may also help locate more such geothermal sources in the remote areas of the Himalayas.


A decade ago, Dr Arya had dug bore wells for potable water in the high altitude cold mountain desert of Ladakh, not only for Indian troops but also for the locals. The bore wells, drilled by him with the help of Engineers Corps of the Indian Army, have been serving as lifeline since 2000, providing 24-hour water supply even in winter (-40 degree C) to the troops as well as to the locals. These are still operational. “A good geothermal energy source has three basic requirements: a high thermal gradient — which means accessible hot rock — plus a rechargeable reservoir fluid, usually water, and finally, deep permeable pathways for the fluid to circulate through the hot rock. Though this initial discovery met the last two parameters the thermal gradient was not very high. But with more investigations and deeper drilling the initial parameter had also been met”, Dr Arya disclosed. Dr Arya suggests that efforts should be made by India and Pakistan to de-militarize the glacier.